о.Арониус (o_aronius) wrote,

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Current reading: чистка в еврейской партшколе и отсталая товарищ Каждан

Начав читать монографию Слойна о "еврейской революции" в Белоруссии, буквально на первых страницах обнаружил забавный эпизод, более чем красноречиво свидетельствующий, каким образом шло формирование большевистских кадров в этой республике, и какие настроения царили среди этих людей.

По традиции, текст с мини-свояком. Для тех, кто плохо помнит историю - речь идет о генеральной чистке ВКП(б) 1921 года, когда низовые партийные ячейки проводили массовую "переаттестацию" всех членов, в результате которой довольно многие были исключены из партии:

The Jewish Party School cell was obviously a unique cell. Made up of forty members (twenty-seven men and thirteen women), the cell was com-posed exclusively of Jewish party members. Cell members were either students or worked as instructors, administrators, or white-collar workers in the school, which was established by the party to provide technical training, political education, and literacy courses to Jewish workers in the city. The cell consequently brought together numerous cultural workers who either had moved or were in the process of moving into a rapidly forming Soviet intelligentsia.

The cell was also atypical insofar as it had a uniquely high concentration of individuals who previously belonged to other parties. Thirty of the forty cell members had belonged to another party, with twenty-seven former Bundists and three more former members of Poalei Tsion among the ranks. What united the members of the party cell, above all, was their youth. The average age in the cell was just over twenty-three years. The exceptions were eight “Old Bundists” who had joined the Bund before World War One and eventually gravitated to the Bolsheviks. For many younger members, Bolshevization was a two-stage process: in 1917 they entered into the grow-ing revolutionary tide by joining “Jewish” parties, either the Bund or Poalei Tsion. Of those cell members who reported entering any political party in 1917, nine joined the Bund, one joined Poalei Tsion, and one (a former Bundist) joined the Bolsheviks. Most remained in these parties until the merger of 1920–1921.

Comrade Kazhdan, was one of the three party members purged from the cell during the proceedings. Comrade Zamergrad, a steadfast Bundist-turned-Bolshevik, offered a harsh assessment: “The impression made [by Kazhdan] is one of physical and spiritual backwardness. She is of no use, and brings nothing to the party.” Comrade Osherovich chimed in: “We must say the good and the bad. She is backward.”

А теперь - обещанный мини-свояк. Не пользуясь Гугле: что в жизни и поведении тов. Каждан показалось ее коллегам проявлением особой "отсталости" и даже "некультурности"?
Ответы не скринятся, ибо лень.

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